Clinical applications of pulmonary ultrasound

Med Clin (Barc). 2020 Apr 10;154(7):260-268. doi: 10.1016/j.medcli.2019.11.001. Epub 2020 Jan 8.
[Article in English, Spanish]


Pulmonary ultrasound is becoming very important for the diagnosis and monitoring of respiratory diseases in different areas, such as emergency departments, outpatient clinics, inpatient areas, etc. This review attempts to encompass most of the applications and utilities of thoracic ultrasound in daily clinical practice. For this, the review focuses on how the ultrasound image would be visualized in each of the pleuro-pulmonary pathologies to which it has access and its use in interventional pulmonology. In addition, a schematic illustration with the most frequent pathologies and their ultrasound representation is presented, in order to better understand what we are seeing with this complementary test of great diagnostic value.

Keywords: Derrame pleural; Ecografía guiada; Ecografía pulmonar; Lesión pulmonar periférica; Lung ultrasound; Neumotórax; Peripheral lung lesion; Pleural effusion; Pneumothorax; Ultrasound-guided..

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Emergency Service, Hospital
  • Humans
  • Lung / diagnostic imaging
  • Lung Diseases* / diagnostic imaging
  • Pulmonary Medicine*
  • Ultrasonography