Epigenetic regulation plays an important role in controlling the activation, timing, and resolution of innate immune responses in macrophages. Previously, SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling was found to define the kinetics and selectivity of gene activation in response to microbial ligands; however, these studies do not reflect a comprehensive understanding of SWI/SNF complex regulation. In 2018, a new variant of the SWI/SNF complex was identified with unknown function in inflammatory gene regulation. Here, we summarize the biochemical and genomic properties of SWI/SNF complex variants and the potential for increased regulatory control of innate immune transcriptional programs in light of such biochemical diversity. Finally, we review the development of SWI/SNF complex chemical inhibitors and degraders that could be used to modulate immune responses.
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