Nutraceuticals: Reviewing their Role in Chronic Disease Prevention and Management

Pharmaceut Med. 2019 Aug;33(4):291-309. doi: 10.1007/s40290-019-00289-w.


Over half the adult population in many Western countries consume nutraceuticals because of their purported therapeutic benefits, accessibility and convenience. Several studies have demonstrated that they may also serve as a useful adjunct to pharmaceuticals to better manage chronic conditions or offset negative side effects. Individuals are advised to consult their physician before using nutraceuticals, but this advice is often overlooked. Thus, the community pharmacist plays an increasingly important role in assisting consumers with selecting a nutraceutical that is safe and for which there is evidence of therapeutic efficacy. Therefore, the aim of this review is to summarise the clinical evidence, safety and purported mechanisms of action for selected nutraceuticals in the management of chronic diseases, including obesity, diabetes, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia and inflammatory-based diseases.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cholesterol / blood
  • Chronic Disease
  • Diabetes Mellitus / prevention & control
  • Diabetes Mellitus / therapy
  • Dietary Supplements*
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / therapy
  • Inflammation / prevention & control
  • Obesity / prevention & control
  • Obesity / therapy
  • Primary Prevention


  • Cholesterol