Evaluation of sexual dysfunction prevalence in infertile men with non-obstructive azoospermia

Arch Ital Urol Androl. 2020 Jan 14;91(4):241-244. doi: 10.4081/aiua.2019.4.241.


Objectives: To determine the prevalence of sexual dysfunction in male partners of infertile couples and evaluate the effect of childlessness on erectile dysfunction (ED) and sexual relationship stress.

Materials and methods: We collected datas of couples who attended our clinics for infertility between 2009 and 2016. Erectile dysfunction was investigated with the Questionnaires of International Index of Erectile Function-15 (IIEF-15) whereas premature ejaculation (PE) status with the Premature Ejaculation Diagnostic Tool (PEDT). The stress status of the childlessness in terms of sexual intercourse was scored by the Visual analogue scale (VAS) questionnaire. These scores were measured before and after a successful assisted reproductive treatment with the birth of the child.

Results: The median age of the 193 male patients was 31 years (range 23-48). Erectile dysfunction was found in 68 (35.2%) and PE in 42 (21.7%) subjects. One hundred and forty-one couples were treated with assisted reproductive treatments. Forty eight couples had successful pregnancy. The IIEF-15 test was repeated after the birth of the child to the male partners of these couples. We observed that the IIEF-15 scores increased from 16 to 21 (p = 0.014). However there were no significant improvement on their ejaculation status (p > 0.05). The mean VAS scores of male partners was 5.2 (3-10) in the treatment period while it decreased to 4.1 (0-8) after the birth of the chils (p = 0.02). Statistically analysis showed a correlation between VAS and infertility as did IIEF-15.

Conclusions: We observed that having children has a reducing effect on sexual relationship stress. Infertility is absolutely blamed on the women and men. This condition may have negative effects on male sexual performance and it is closely related with some emerging female sexual disorders. It should be taken into consideration that infertile couples may have sexual dysfunction.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Azoospermia / psychology
  • Erectile Dysfunction / epidemiology*
  • Erectile Dysfunction / psychology
  • Humans
  • Infertility, Male / complications*
  • Infertility, Male / psychology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Premature Ejaculation / epidemiology*
  • Premature Ejaculation / psychology
  • Prevalence
  • Reproductive Techniques, Assisted
  • Sexual Behavior / physiology
  • Sexual Behavior / psychology
  • Stress, Psychological / epidemiology*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Young Adult