Aim: To reveal whether there are differences in follicular fluid metabolomics profile of women with advanced maternal age (AMA).
Method: The group with advanced maternal age includes 23 patients above the age of 40, and the control group includes 31 patients aged between 25 and 35 years and AMH values above 1.1 ng/mL with no low ovarian response history. A single follicular fluid sample from a MII oocyte obtained during the oocyte pick-up procedure was analyzed with high-resolution 1H-NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) spectroscopy. The results were evaluated using advanced bioinformatics analysis methods.
Results: Statistical analysis of the NMR spectroscopy data from two groups showed that α-glucose and β-glucose levels of follicular fluid were decreased in the patients with AMA, while in contrast, lactate and trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) levels were increased in these patients compared with the controls. In addition to these, there was an increase in alanine levels and a decrease in acetoacetate levels in patients with AMA. However, these changes were not statistically significant.
Conclusion: Obtained results suggest that the follicular cell metabolism of patients with AMA is different from controls. These environmental changes could be associated with the low success rates of IVF treatment seen in these patients.
Keywords: Advanced maternal age; Follicular fluid; Metabolomics; NMR.