Oxacycle-Fused [1]Benzothieno[3,2-b][1]benzothiophene Derivatives: Synthesis, Electronic Structure, Electrochemical Properties, Ionisation Potential, and Crystal Structure

Chempluschem. 2019 Sep;84(9):1263-1269. doi: 10.1002/cplu.201800346. Epub 2018 Nov 2.


The molecular properties of [1]benzothieno[3,2-b][1]benzothiophene (BTBT) are vulnerable to structural modifications, which in turn are determined by the functionalization of the backbone. Hence versatile synthetic strategies are needed to discover the properties of this molecule. To address this, we have attempted heteroatom (oxygen) functionalization of BTBT by a concise and easily scalable synthesis. Fourfold hydroxy-substituted BTBT is the key intermediate, from which the compounds 2,3,7,8-bis(ethylenedioxy)-[1]benzothieno[3,2-b][1]benzothiophene and 2,3,7,8-bis(methylenedioxy)-[1]benzothieno[3,2-b][1]benzothiophene are synthesized. The difference in ether functionalities on the BTBT scaffold influences the ionisation potential values substantially. The crystal structure reveals the transformation of the herringbone motif in bare BTBT towards π-stacked columns in the newly synthesized derivatives. The results are further justified by the simulated HOMO levels of the model compound.

Keywords: arenes; crystal engineering; electrochemistry; electronic properties; π-conjugation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't