Treatment Algorithm for Mild and Moderate-to-Severe Ulcerative Colitis: An Update

Digestion. 2020;101 Suppl 1:2-15. doi: 10.1159/000504092. Epub 2020 Jan 16.

Abstract

Background: Patient care in ulcerative colitis (UC) remains challenging despite an array of established treatment options and emerging new therapies. The management of UC therapy should be guided by the endoscopic extent of inflammation, disease severity, and prognostic factors of poor outcome. Complete remission, defined as durable symptomatic and endoscopic remission without corticosteroid therapy, is the desired treatment goal.

Summary: This review focuses on treatment recommendations for different clinical scenarios in moderate-to-severe UC: Active UC of any extent not responding to aminosalicylates, steroid-dependent UC, steroid-refractory UC, immunomodulator-refractory UC, and acute severe UC. Comprehensive treatment algorithms for daily clinical practice were developed based on published guidelines and current literature. Key Messages: While current treatment options including a number of biologicals and small molecules have evolved UC treatment to achieve sustained remission in a majority of patients, upcoming treatment options with different molecular pathways and different modes of actions will further increase the need for personalized medicine.

Keywords: Acute; Moderate to severe; Treatment; Ulcerative colitis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Colitis, Ulcerative* / diagnosis
  • Colitis, Ulcerative* / drug therapy
  • Humans
  • Inflammation
  • Remission Induction
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Treatment Outcome