Tai Chi and Workplace Wellness for Health Care Workers: A Systematic Review

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Jan 3;17(1):343. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17010343.


Several studies show the positive effects of new non-medical therapies known as complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs). In this context, the discipline of tai chi is obtaining a wider consensus because of its many beneficial effects both on the human body and mind. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review of the scientific literature concerning the relationship between tai chi practice and wellness of health care workers (HCW) in their professional setting. The research was performed in September 2019, investigating the databases Cinahl, Scopus, Web of Science, and PubMed. Full-text articles, written in English language and published after 1995, were taken into account. No restrictions regarding the study design were applied. A quality assessment was developed using AMSTAR, Jadad, Newcastle-Ottawa Scale, INSA, and CASE REPORT scale. Six papers were finally included: Three clinical trials, one observational study, one systematic review, and one case report. The methodological quality of the included studies was judged as medium level. In conclusion, this systematic review suggests the potential impact of interventions such as tai chi as tools for reducing work-related stress among healthcare professionals. Further research will be needed in order to gain robust evidence of its efficacy.

Keywords: health professional; nursing; stress; tai chi; workplace wellbeing; workplace wellness.

Publication types

  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Attitude of Health Personnel*
  • Attitude to Health
  • Female
  • Health Personnel / psychology*
  • Health Personnel / statistics & numerical data*
  • Health Promotion / methods*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupational Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Tai Ji*
  • Workplace / psychology*
  • Workplace / statistics & numerical data*