Purpose: The ubiquitous adoption of electronic health records (EHRs) with family health history (FHH) data provides opportunities for tailoring cancer screening strategies to individuals. We aimed to enable a standards-based clinical decision support (CDS) platform for identifying and managing patients who meet guidelines for genetic evaluation of hereditary cancer.
Methods: The CDS platform (www.opencds.org) was used to implement algorithms based on the 2018 National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines for genetic evaluation of hereditary breast/ovarian and colorectal cancer. The platform was designed to be interfaced with different EHR systems via the Health Level Seven International Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources standard. The platform was integrated with the Epic EHR and evaluated in a pilot study at an academic health care system.
Results: The CDS platform was executed against a target population of 143,012 patients; 5,245 (3.7%) met criteria for genetic evaluation based on the FHH recorded in the EHR. In a clinical pilot study, genetic counselors attempted to reach out to 71 of the patients. Of those patients, 25 (35%) scheduled an appointment, 10 (14%) declined, 2 (3%) did not need genetic counseling, 7 (10%) said they would consider it in the future, and 27 (38%) were unreachable. To date, 13 (52%) of the scheduled patients completed visits, and 2 (15%) of those were found to have pathogenic variants in cancer predisposition genes.
Conclusion: A standards-based CDS platform integrated with EHR systems is a promising population-based approach to identify patients who are appropriate candidates for genetic evaluation of hereditary cancers.