Despite breakthroughs in MAS NMR hardware and experimental methodologies, sensitivity remains a major challenge for large and complex biological systems. Here, we report that 3-4 fold higher sensitivities can be obtained in heteronuclear-detected experiments, using a novel HCN CPMAS probe, where the sample coil and the electronics operate at cryogenic temperatures, while the sample is maintained at ambient temperatures (BioSolids CryoProbe™). Such intensity enhancements permit recording 2D and 3D experiments that are otherwise time-prohibitive, such as 2D 15N-15N proton-driven spin diffusion and 15N-13C double cross polarization to natural abundance carbon experiments. The benefits of CPMAS CryoProbe-based experiments are illustrated for assemblies of kinesin Kif5b with microtubules, HIV-1 capsid protein assemblies, and fibrils of human Y145Stop and fungal HET-s prion proteins - demanding systems for conventional MAS solid-state NMR and excellent reference systems in terms of spectral quality. We envision that this probe technology will be beneficial for a wide range of applications, especially for biological systems suffering from low intrinsic sensitivity and at physiological temperatures.
Keywords: Biological assemblies; CryoProbe; MAS NMR; Magic angle spinning.
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