Objective: Based on the application and funding of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery (H13) funded by the Nature Science Foundation of China (NSFC), we analyzed the basic research status of the field of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, and provided the references for developing the discipline development plan, optimizing the discipline strategic layout and promoting the discipline progress. Method: The data of both applied and funded grants of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery in NSFC from 2009 to 2019 were collected for further analysis. Results: From 2009 to 2019, H13 received 5 103 applications, accounting for 1.00% of the total number of applications in the department of health science, and 922 applications were funded (mainly from the General Projects and the Youth Science Fund Projects), with a funding rate of 18.07% and a funding amount of 445.509 million yuan, accounting for 1.02% of the total funding amount of the department of health science. Among the seven sub-categories of H13, H1304 (Hearing abnormal and balance disorders) received 1 845 applications, and 352 were funded. H1301 (Disease of smell, nose and anterior skull base) received 1 217 applications, and 248 were founded, H1303 (Ear and lateral skull base disease) and H1305 (Otorhinolaryngology and developmental related diseases) received 498 and 488 applications,and 83 and 112 were founded respectively. The National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars received 33 applications, and 5 were founded, with a funding rate of 15.15%. Clinicians accounted for 81% of the General Projects principals, and researchers and technicians accounted for 19%. Clinicians accounted for 72% of the Youth Science Fund Projects principals, and researchers and technicians accounted for 24%. Conclusion: The basic research of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery in China has some shortcomings, such as small volume, uneven development of various disciplines, less leading academic leaders, less training of young leading talents, less major projects, more clinicians instead of researchers engaged in the basic scientific research.
目的： 基于国家自然科学基金耳鼻咽喉头颈科学（H13）申请与资助情况，分析我国耳鼻咽喉头颈科学领域基础研究的现状，为制定学科发展规划、优化学科战略布局、推动基础研究发展提供参考。 方法： 采集2009—2019年国家自然科学基金耳鼻咽喉头颈科学申请及资助项目信息，汇总建立数据库进行分析。主要分析内容为申请数量、资助数量、资助率、研究方向、依托单位等。 结果： 2009—2019年，耳鼻咽喉头颈科学（H13）接收项目申请5 103项，占医学科学部申请总量的1.00%，资助922项，以面上项目和青年科学基金项目为主，资助率18.07%，资助金额44 550.90万元，占医学科学部资助总金额的1.02%。在7个二级代码下，H1304（听觉异常与平衡障碍）申请数量1 845项，资助352项，H1301（嗅觉、鼻及前颅底疾病）申请数量1 217项，资助248项，H1303（耳及侧颅底疾病）与H1305（耳鼻咽喉遗传与发育相关疾病）申请数量接近，分别为498项和488项，资助83项和112项。国家杰出青年科学基金项目申请33项，资助5项，资助率15.15%。面上项目负责人临床医师占81%，研究员及技术人员占19%；青年科学基金项目负责人临床医师占72%，研究人员及技术人员占24%。 结论： 我国耳鼻咽喉头颈科学基础研究存在体量偏小、各学科发展不均衡、顶尖学科带头人偏少、青年领军人才培养还需加强、承担大项目少、研究人员中临床工作人员多而基础研究人员偏少的特点。.
Keywords: National Natural Sicience Foundation; Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery.