Antioxidant activity and polyphenol composition of sugarcane molasses extract

Food Chem. 2020 Jun 1;314:126180. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2020.126180. Epub 2020 Jan 11.

Abstract

The antioxidant activity of sugarcane molasses ethanol extract (ME) and its fraction (ME-RBF) was evaluated using ABTS, ORAC 6.0 and CAA assays and ME-RBF demonstrated 26-fold, 12-fold and 2-fold higher values, respectively than ME. Likewise, total polyphenol and flavonoid concentration in ME-RBF are more than 10-fold higher than ME, that suggested antioxidant activity is correlated with polyphenol composition. Quantitative analysis of 13 polyphenols (chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, sinapic acid, syringic acid, vanillin, homoorientin, orientin, vitexin, swertisin, diosmin, apigenin, tricin and diosmetin) was carried out by LCMS. MS/MS analysis allowed the tentative identification of seven apigenin-C-glycosides, three methoxyluteolin-C-glycosides and three tricin-O-glycosides some of which have not been reported in sugarcane before to the best of our knowledge. The results demonstrated that sugarcane molasses can be used as potential source of polyphenols that can be beneficial to health.

Keywords: Apigenin (PubChem CID: 5280443); Caffeic acid (PubChem CID: 689043); Chlorogenic acid (PubChem CID: 1794427); Diosmin (PubChem CID: 5281613); Flavonoids; Isoschaftoside (PubChem CID: 3084995); LCMS; MS/MS analysis; Methoxyflavones; Orientin (PubChem CID: 5281675); Saccharum officinarum; Schaftoside (PubChem CID: 442658); Swertisin (PubChem CID: 124034); Syringic acid (PubChem CID: 10742); Tricin (PubChem CID: 5281702).

MeSH terms

  • Antioxidants / analysis*
  • Antioxidants / chemistry
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology*
  • Glycosides / analysis
  • Hep G2 Cells
  • Humans
  • Molasses / analysis*
  • Plant Extracts / analysis
  • Plant Extracts / chemistry
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology
  • Polyphenols / analysis*
  • Polyphenols / pharmacology
  • Saccharum / chemistry*
  • Tandem Mass Spectrometry

Substances

  • Antioxidants
  • Glycosides
  • Plant Extracts
  • Polyphenols