Epidural morphine delivered by a percutaneous epidural catheter for outpatient treatment of cancer pain

Anesth Analg. 1988 Dec;67(12):1159-61.


Twenty-three outpatients with cancer pain refractory to other methods of pain control were treated with epidural morphine (EM) delivered through a chronically placed percutaneous lumbar epidural catheter. Patients and their families were taught to administer EM at home. Mean EM doses ranged from 18 to 31 mg/day. Mean catheter lifespan was 6.3 weeks. There were no catheter-related infections or cases of respiratory depression. After 2500 patient treatment days, we have found this method to be a safe and effective method of cancer pain management in outpatients.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Ambulatory Care*
  • Analgesia, Epidural / instrumentation*
  • Catheterization / methods*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Morphine / administration & dosage*
  • Neoplasms / physiopathology*
  • Pain Management*


  • Morphine