Background: Regular physical activity and exercise is the third management for the child with diabetes mellitus after diet regime and insulin therapy. The aim of the study is to evaluate the effect of swimming on glycemic control for a male adolescent with type 1 diabetes mellitus. The study evaluates the effect of swimming on glycemic control for a male adolescent with type 1 diabetes mellitus.
Methods: The quasi-experimental design was conducted on 40 male adolescents with typ1 diabetes, then divided into two groups; study and control groups. 20 adolescents participated in the swimming program (study group) and other 20 did not expose to exercise program (control group) for 10 weeks. a venous blood sample was received to evaluate glycemic control (HbA1c %), in pre and post 10 weeks to compare HbA1c % for both groups.
Results: Mean age 13.45±1.46 years (study group), while for control group age 13.55±1.5 years, and mean and standard deviation for Hba1c % was 9.61±1.15%, 9.65±2.23% in the study and control group respectively. The study showed that there was a high significant difference between pre and post-test HbA1c in the study group (P value<0.00) also the same result was observed in the control group but negatively (P value<0.00) it means the Hb1c % was raised.
Conclusions: The study concluded that regular physical activity (swimming) had a positive effect on lowering Glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c).