Neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation is associated with worse patient and graft survival following pediatric liver transplantation

Am J Transplant. 2020 Jun;20(6):1597-1605. doi: 10.1111/ajt.15786. Epub 2020 Feb 6.


Long-term outcomes remain suboptimal following pediatric liver transplantation; only one third of children have normal biochemical liver function without immunosuppressant comorbidities 10 years posttransplant. We examined the association between an index of neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation with graft and patient survival using the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients. We included children <19 years who underwent liver transplantation between January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2013 (n = 2868). Primary exposure was a neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation index-linked via patient home ZIP code-with a range of 0-1 (values nearing 1 indicate neighborhoods with greater socioeconomic deprivation). Primary outcome measures were graft failure and death, censored at 10 years posttransplant. We modeled survival using Cox proportional hazards. In univariable analysis, each 0.1 increase in the deprivation index was associated with a 14.3% (95% confidence interval [CI]): 3.8%-25.8%) increased hazard of graft failure and a 12.5% (95% CI: 2.5%-23.6%) increased hazard of death. In multivariable analysis adjusted for race, each 0.1 increase in the deprivation index was associated with a 11.5% (95% CI: 1.6%-23.9%) increased hazard of graft failure and a 9.6% (95% CI: -0.04% to 20.7%) increased hazard of death. Children from high deprivation neighborhoods have diminished graft and patient survival following liver transplantation. Greater attention to neighborhood context may result in improved outcomes for children following liver transplantation.

Keywords: Scientific Registry for Transplant Recipients (SRTR); clinical research/practice; ethnicity/race; graft survival; health services and outcomes research; insurance; liver transplantation/hepatology; patient survival; pediatrics; social sciences.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Graft Survival*
  • Humans
  • Liver Transplantation* / adverse effects
  • Proportional Hazards Models
  • Residence Characteristics
  • Risk Factors
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Treatment Outcome