Respectful maternity care and its related factors in maternal units of public and private hospitals in Tabriz: a sequential explanatory mixed method study protocol

Reprod Health. 2020 Jan 20;17(1):9. doi: 10.1186/s12978-020-0863-x.


Background: Disrespect and abuse (D&A) can violate human rights, affect women's decisions on the type of delivery method, and exacerbate their mental health conditions; therefore, this study aims to: a) assess the status of D&A and respectful maternity care (RMC) during childbirth and their relationships with childbirth experience, socio-demographic and obstetrics characteristics; b) explain women's perceptions of various RMC aspects and determinants during childbirth; and c) present a guideline for promoting of RMC.

Methods/design: A mixed methods sequential explanatory design will be used to conduct this study in 3 phases. The first phase is a quantitative study with a longitudinal descriptive-analytical design to identify any D&A and RMC and their relationships with childbirth experience among 334 women who have given birth in public and private hospitals in Tabriz, Iran. The sample will be selected proportional to each population. The second phase is a qualitative study to explore women's perceptions of various RMC aspects and their determinants during childbirth. The conventional content analysis approach will be used to analyze the data. The third phase is focused on developing a guideline to improve the quality of maternity care. The literature review, findings of phase one and two, and focus group discussion (FGDs) with staff in the labour ward and using a Delphi technique will be used to complete the final phase.

Discussion: Considering the vulnerability of women during labor and delivery and the effect of D&A on cesarean section rates, a supportive guideline can improve the quality of maternity care and reduce D&A during childbirth, and improve women's childbirth experiences.

Ethical code: IR.TBZMED.REC.1398.202.

Keywords: Abuse; Childbirth; Disrespect; Mixed method; Respect.

MeSH terms

  • Attitude of Health Personnel
  • Delivery, Obstetric / standards*
  • Delivery, Obstetric / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Health Personnel / psychology
  • Health Personnel / standards*
  • Hospitals, Private / standards*
  • Hospitals, Public / standards*
  • Humans
  • Iran
  • Maternal Health Services / standards*
  • Maternal Health Services / statistics & numerical data
  • Parturition / psychology*
  • Pregnancy
  • Professional-Patient Relations
  • Qualitative Research
  • Quality Improvement
  • Quality of Health Care / standards*
  • Quality of Health Care / statistics & numerical data
  • Respect