Fuzzy reinforcement learning based intelligent classifier for power transformer faults

ISA Trans. 2020 Jun;101:390-398. doi: 10.1016/j.isatra.2020.01.016. Epub 2020 Jan 11.

Abstract

In this work a fuzzy reinforcement learning (RL) based intelligent classifier for power transformer incipient faults is proposed. Fault classifiers proposed till date have low identification accuracy and do not identify all types of transformer faults. Herein, an attempt has been made to design an adaptive, intelligent transformer fault classifier that progressively learns to identify faults on-line with high accuracy for all fault types. In the proposed approach, dissolved gas analysis (DGA) data of oil samples collected from real power transformers (and from credible sources) has been used, which serves as input to a fuzzy RL based classifier. Typically, classification accuracy is heavily dependent on the number of input variables chosen. This has been resolved by using the J48 algorithm to select 8 most appropriate input variables from the 24 variables obtained using DGA. Proposed fuzzy RL approach achieves a fault identification accuracy of 99.7%, which is significantly higher than other contemporary soft computing based identifiers. Experimental results and comparison with other state-of-the-art approaches, highlights superiority and efficacy of the proposed fuzzy RL technique for transformer fault classification.

Keywords: Artificial intelligence; Decision tree; Dissolved gases analysis; Fault diagnosis; Fuzzy Q learning (FQL).