Infections of the Male and Female Reproductive System: Spectrum of Imaging Findings

Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 2020 Feb;41(1):2-9. doi: 10.1053/j.sult.2019.10.007. Epub 2019 Oct 23.


Infections of the male and female reproductive system can lead to significant morbidity and mortality. This article will review the relevant embryology and anatomy of the male and female reproductive systems and will discuss the imaging findings of different infections. An understanding of the clinical presentation and imaging findings of infections of the reproductive system is critical in order to allow for prompt and accurate diagnosis. A delay in diagnosis for these infections can have significant morbidity, and occasional mortality.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Genital Diseases, Female / diagnostic imaging*
  • Genital Diseases, Female / microbiology*
  • Genital Diseases, Male / diagnostic imaging*
  • Genital Diseases, Male / microbiology*
  • Genitalia, Female / anatomy & histology*
  • Genitalia, Female / embryology
  • Genitalia, Male / anatomy & histology*
  • Genitalia, Male / embryology
  • Humans
  • Infections / diagnostic imaging*
  • Infections / microbiology*
  • Male