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DLC1 Is a Direct Target of Activated YAP/TAZ That Drives Collective Migration and Sprouting Angiogenesis

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DLC1 Is a Direct Target of Activated YAP/TAZ That Drives Collective Migration and Sprouting Angiogenesis

Miesje van der Stoel et al. J Cell Sci.

Abstract

Endothelial YAP/TAZ (YAP is also known as YAP1, and TAZ as WWTR1) signaling is crucial for sprouting angiogenesis and vascular homeostasis. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms that explain how YAP/TAZ control the vasculature remain unclear. This study reveals that the focal adhesion protein deleted-in-liver-cancer 1 (DLC1) is a direct transcriptional target of the activated YAP/TAZ-TEAD complex. We find that substrate stiffening and VEGF stimuli promote expression of DLC1 in endothelial cells. In turn, DLC1 expression levels are YAP and TAZ dependent, and constitutive activation of YAP is sufficient to drive DLC1 expression. DLC1 is needed to limit F-actin fiber formation, integrin-based focal adhesion lifetime and integrin-mediated traction forces. Depletion of endothelial DLC1 strongly perturbs cell polarization in directed collective migration and inhibits the formation of angiogenic sprouts. Importantly, ectopic expression of DLC1 is sufficient to restore migration and angiogenic sprouting in YAP-depleted cells. Together, these findings point towards a crucial and prominent role for DLC1 in YAP/TAZ-driven endothelial adhesion remodeling and collective migration during angiogenesis.This article has an associated First Person interview with the first author of the paper.

Keywords: Adhesion; Angiogenesis; Endothelium; Integrin; Mechanotransduction; YAP.

Conflict of interest statement

Competing interestsThe authors declare no competing or financial interests.

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