A novel intuitionistic fuzzy MCDM-based CODAS approach for locating an authorized dismantling center: a case study of Istanbul

Waste Manag Res. 2020 Jun;38(6):660-672. doi: 10.1177/0734242X19899729. Epub 2020 Jan 23.


As the number of end-of-life vehicles (ELVs) increases rapidly, their management has become one of the most important environmental topics worldwide. This study is conducted to evaluate various alternatives for location selection of an authorized dismantling center (ADC) for ELVs using a multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) approach. An intuitionistic fuzzy MCDM-based combinative distance-based assessment (CODAS) approach is proposed to aid waste managers and solve their problem. The intuitionistic fuzzy weighted averaging operator is utilized to aggregate individual opinions of decision-makers into a group opinion. The intuitionistic fuzzy Euclidean and Hamming distances are used to calculate the assessment score of alternatives. A real-life case study of Istanbul is provided to illustrate how this novel intuitionistic fuzzy MCDM-based CODAS approach can be used for alternative selection in real-world applications. The comparison with the available state-of-the-art intuitionistic fuzzy set-based MCDM approaches approves the validity and consistency of the proposed intuitionistic fuzzy CODAS approach. The intuitionistic fuzzy CODAS, WASPAS, and TOPSIS approaches generate exactly the same ordering of alternatives for the new ADC in Istanbul. The results show that the intuitionistic fuzzy CODAS approach indicates valid results and is an effective decision-making technique for vagueness and uncertainty nature of linguistic assessments.

Keywords: CODAS; End-of-life vehicle; authorized dismantling center; intuitionistic fuzzy set; location selection; multi-criteria decision-making.

MeSH terms

  • Decision Making*
  • Fuzzy Logic*
  • Uncertainty