Background: Testified as crucial participators in different types of human malignancies, long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been revealed to exert a significant effect on the complicated courses of tumor progression. Although existing literatures have revealed the oncogenic role of lncRNA homeobox A11 antisense RNA (HOXA11-AS) in multiple cancers, the underlying role of HOXA11-AS in prostate cancer (PCa) and its potential molecular mechanism remains poorly understood.
Aim: To decipher the molecular performance of HOXA11-AS in PCa.
Methods: The expression of HOXA11-AS, miR-518b and actinin alpha 4 (ACTN4) was detected by a real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Colony formation, EdU, flow cytometry, wound healing, and transwell assays were utilized to explore the biological role of HOXA11-AS in PCa. The interaction between RNAs (CCCTC-binding factor [CTCF], HOXA11-AS, miR-518b, and ACTN4) was tested via chromatin immunoprecipitation, luciferase reporter and RNA immunoprecipitation assays.
Results: HOXA11-AS in PCa cells was expressed at high levels. Silenced HOXA11-AS in PCa cells could lead to a significant elevation in the abilities of cell proliferation and migration whereas a remarkable declination in cell apoptosis capability. Subsequent molecular mechanism assays confirmed that HOXA11-AS bound with miR-518b and negatively regulates miR-518b expression. Besides, HOXA11-AS could regulate the expression of ACTN4 by sponging miR-518b. Moreover, rescued-function assays revealed that miR-518b inhibition or ACTN4 upregulation reversed the repressive effect of HOXA11-AS knockdown on PCa progression. Furthermore, CTCF was validated to activate HOXA11-AS transcription in PCa cells.
Conclusions: CTCF-induced upregulation of HOXA11-AS facilitates PCa progression via miR-518b/ACTN4 axis, providing a new target for PCa treatment.
Keywords: ACTN4; CTCF; HOXA11-AS; PCa; miR-518b.
© 2020 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.