Purpose: To report the outcomes of eyes receiving surgical management for traumatic macular holes. To describe the preoperative and postoperative optical coherence tomography features of traumatic macular holes and to explore associations between preoperative clinical and optical coherence tomography features, and visual outcome.
Methods: Retrospective study of patients undergoing vitrectomy for traumatic macular hole and entered into the Australian and New Zealand Society of Retinal Specialists surgical registry. Preoperative clinical data, surgical details, and 3-month postoperative outcomes were recorded prospectively. Longer-term outcomes at 12 months were requested retrospectively, as were preoperative and postoperative optical coherence tomography scans.
Results: Hole closure was achieved in 91% (21/23) of patients with a single procedure. The average preoperative visual acuity was 20/120. At 3 months postoperatively, the mean visual acuity had improved to 20/70 (P < 0.001), 11/23 (48%) of eyes improved ≥15 letters, and the number of eyes with 20/40 acuity or better increased from 1/23 to 7/23. Eyes with worse visual outcomes (visual acuity < 20/80) had larger holes, worse preoperative acuity, and a greater extent of preoperative ellipsoid band attenuation than those with better postoperative visual acuity.
Conclusion: Eyes receiving surgical management for traumatic macular hole achieved good anatomical results and approximately half had a substantial improvement in acuity. Ellipsoid band attenuation on preoperative optical coherence tomography and worse preoperative acuity were associated with poorer visual outcomes.