Recurrent chordee in 59 adolescents and young adults following childhood hypospadias repair

J Pediatr Urol. 2020 Apr;16(2):162.e1-162.e5. doi: 10.1016/j.jpurol.2019.11.013. Epub 2019 Dec 2.


Background: As children transition to adolescence, penile curvature may recur several years, sometimes, decades later. Herein we review our experience with a group of symptomatic patients, their surgical repairs and outcome.

Material & methods: Reviews were done on the charts of 59 symptomatic adolescents aged 14-21 years who presented with recurrent penile curvature, causing either sexual dysfunction or significant deformity and had undergone surgical correction between 2000 and 2017. Their initial hypospadias repairs were: TIP & dorsal midline plication (28), Tiersch-Duplay (T-D) urethroplasty and Nesbit dorsal repair [9], prepuce mucosal island onlay and Nesbit repair [6], Two-stage Byar repair and ventral dermal graft (3 patients). 13/59 patients were repaired elsewhere, and their records were unavailable. Surgical correction included one stage dorsal replication and skin detethering (32patients), one-stage urethral mobilization and corporal/dermal grafts (12patients), staged corporal/dermal graft and skin coverage followed by urethroplasty (Grafted TIP) 8-12 months later (15patients), and 11/59 had urethral fistula, which were repaired concomitantly.

Results: 55 out of 59 patients were followed up for 6-48 months (median 30 months) by periodic office visits, and 2-4 weeks in 4 patients whose subsequent follow up was by email. Of the 55 patients, 53 healed well, and 2patients developed wound breakdown and scarring, which resulted in mild recurrent curvature but to a lesser degree than preoperatively. The other 4 patients who corresponded by email were pleased with the surgical outcome. Of the total 59 patients, 28 reported satisfactory sexual activity. None of the patients who had corporal/dermal grafts reported erectile abnormalities.

Conclusions: Recurrent curvature in adolescents following hypospadias repair, may be caused by peri-urethral and skin fibrosis and/or disproportionate growth of the relatively hypoplastic ventral corporal wall or the reconstructed urethra. Surgical correction of symptomatic patients by dorsal shortening or ventral lengthening procedures depends on the degree of curvature following skin degloving of the penis. We have been recommending to parents of children born with proximal hypospadias who had what appeared to be a good surgical result to follow up after puberty.

Keywords: Adolescent urology; Dermal graft; Hypospadias; Recurrent chordee.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Humans
  • Hypospadias* / surgery
  • Male
  • Penis / surgery
  • Plastic Surgery Procedures*
  • Urethra / surgery
  • Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male
  • Young Adult