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. 2016 Oct;14(4):432-436.
doi: 10.1176/appi.focus.20160019. Epub 2016 Oct 7.

Autoimmune Encephalitis

Free PMC article

Autoimmune Encephalitis

Michael S Zandi. Focus (Am Psychiatr Publ). .
Free PMC article


Antibodies to brain cell-surface proteins have recently been identified in patients whose symptoms cross the boundary between neurology and psychiatry and are associated with syndromes that are responsive to treatment with immunosuppression-based treatments. This has led to an expansion in the field of autoimmune encephalitis. The common syndromes, with particular relevance to psychiatry, are discussed, in particular the N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor antibody encephalitis syndrome, which is most often associated with a psychosis and cognitive prodrome resembling acute or first-episode psychosis. The recognition, clinical diagnosis and associations, and evidence for disease mechanisms are discussed in this brief review.

Keywords: Neuropsychiatry/neurobiology.

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    Lauterbach M, Benjamin S. Lauterbach M, et al. Focus (Am Psychiatr Publ). 2016 Oct;14(4):409. doi: 10.1176/appi.focus.20160024. Epub 2016 Oct 7. Focus (Am Psychiatr Publ). 2016. PMID: 31975820 Free PMC article. No abstract available.

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