Gouty arthritis results from the generation of uric acid crystals within the joints. These uric acid crystals activate the NACHT, LRR and PYD domains-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome, which is involved in chronic inflammatory diseases, including gouty arthritis. This study identified the polyenylpyrrole derivative 4-hydroxy auxarconjugatin B (4-HAB), a novel autophagy inducer, which attenuated uric acid crystals-mediated activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome in vitro and in vivo. 4-HAB dose-dependently reduced the release of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-18, active caspase-1 and apoptosis-associated speck-like protein (ASC) in uric acid crystals-activated macrophages. In a mechanistic study, 4-HAB was shown to inhibit uric acid crystals-induced mitochondrial damage, lysosomal rupture and ASC oligomerization. Additionally, 4-HAB inhibited the NLRP3 inflammasome through Sirt1-dependent autophagy induction. Furthermore, the anti-inflammatory properties of 4-HAB were confirmed in a mouse model of uric acid crystals-mediated peritonitis by the reduced levels of neutrophil influx, IL-1β, active caspase-1, IL-6 and MCP-1 in lavage fluids. In conclusion, 4-HAB attenuates gouty inflammation, in part by attenuating activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome through the Sirt1/autophagy induction pathway.
Keywords: 4-hydroxy auxarconjugatin B; NLRP3 inflammasome; autophagy; gouty inflammation; mitochondria.