Enabling Technologies for Personalized and Precision Medicine

Trends Biotechnol. 2020 May;38(5):497-518. doi: 10.1016/j.tibtech.2019.12.021. Epub 2020 Jan 21.


Individualizing patient treatment is a core objective of the medical field. Reaching this objective has been elusive owing to the complex set of factors contributing to both disease and health; many factors, from genes to proteins, remain unknown in their role in human physiology. Accurately diagnosing, monitoring, and treating disorders requires advances in biomarker discovery, the subsequent development of accurate signatures that correspond with dynamic disease states, as well as therapeutic interventions that can be continuously optimized and modulated for dose and drug selection. This work highlights key breakthroughs in the development of enabling technologies that further the goal of personalized and precision medicine, and remaining challenges that, when addressed, may forge unprecedented capabilities in realizing truly individualized patient care.

Keywords: artificial intelligence; clinical trials; diagnostics; personalized medicine; precision medicine; therapeutics.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Artificial Intelligence / trends*
  • Biomarkers / analysis
  • Diagnosis*
  • Humans
  • Precision Medicine / trends*
  • Therapeutics / trends*


  • Biomarkers