Diabetes is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by elevated levels of blood glucose which leads over time to serious complications and significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Self-management tasks in diabetes may be quite challenging because of lack of training, difficulties in sustaining lifestyle modifications, and limited access to specialized healthcare. Nowadays, the evolution of mobile technology provides a large number of health-related smartphone applications (apps), aiming to increase the self-management skills of the patient in chronic diseases, to facilitate the communication between the patient and healthcare providers, and to increase also the patient's compliance with the treatment. In the field of diabetes there are also many diabetes-related mobile apps mainly focusing on self-management of diabetes, lifestyle modification, and medication adherence motivation. The aim of this paper is to review the most important diabetes-related mobile smartphone applications, including only those supported by prospective randomized controlled trials.
Keywords: Diabetes management; Mobile apps; Technology.