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. 2017;77(12):841.
doi: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-017-5415-3. Epub 2017 Dec 7.

Very Heavy Dark Skyrmions

Free PMC article

Very Heavy Dark Skyrmions

Rainer Dick. Eur Phys J C Part Fields. .
Free PMC article


A dark sector with a solitonic component provides a means to circumvent the problem of generically low annihilation cross sections of very heavy dark matter particles. At the same time, enhanced annihilation cross sections are necessary for indirect detection of very heavy dark matter components beyond 100 TeV. Non-thermally produced dark matter in this mass range could therefore contribute to the cosmic γ -ray and neutrino flux above 100 TeV, and massive Skyrmions provide an interesting framework for the discussion of these scenarios. Therefore a Higgs portal and a neutrino portal for very heavy Skyrmion dark matter are discussed. The Higgs portal model demonstrates a dark mediator bottleneck, where limitations on particle annihilation cross sections will prevent a signal from the potentially large soliton annihilation cross sections. This problem can be avoided in models where the dark mediator decays. This is illustrated by the neutrino portal for Skyrmion dark matter.


Fig. 1
Fig. 1
The required Higgs portal coupling for thermal creation of elementary w particles for 1TeVmw15TeV, if the w particles are the dark matter
Fig. 2
Fig. 2
Massive Skyrmion annihilation cross sections to W+W- for weak scale couplings compared to the anticipated 500h CTA sensitivity in the mass range 100TeVMS400TeV and for v=100km/s
Fig. 3
Fig. 3
Integrated very high-energy neutrino fluxes from Skyrmion annihilation as a function of Skyrmion mass and for weak scale couplings. The calculation assumes Nw=4, v=100km/s, and an NFW halo with rs=10.7 kpc and mass 7.3×1011M; see text

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