Endometritis is inflammation of the uterine lining. It can affect all layers of the uterus. The uterus is typically aseptic. However, the travel of microbes from the cervix and vagina can lead to inflammation and infection. This condition usually occurs as a result of the rupture of membranes during childbirth. Endometritis is the most common postpartum infection. Puerperal endometritis is 25 times more common in patients that underwent cesarean sections. Most cases of postpartum endometritis are polymicrobial, involving aerobic and anaerobic bacteria.
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