Identification of a novel uterine leiomyoma GWAS locus in a Japanese population

Sci Rep. 2020 Jan 27;10(1):1197. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-58066-8.


Uterine leiomyoma is one of the most common gynaecologic benign tumours, but its genetic basis remains largely unknown. Six previous GWAS identified 33 genetic factors in total. Here, we performed a two-staged GWAS using 13,746 cases and 70,316 controls from the Japanese population, followed by a replication analysis using 3,483 cases and 4,795 controls. The analysis identified 9 significant loci, including a novel locus on 12q23.2 (rs17033114, P = 6.12 × 10-25 with an OR of 1.177 (1.141-1.213), LINC00485). Subgroup analysis indicated that 5 loci (3q26.2, 5p15.33, 10q24.33, 11p15.5, 13q14.11) exhibited a statistically significant effect among multiple leiomyomas, and 2 loci (3q26.2, 10q24.33) exhibited a significant effect among submucous leiomyomas. Pleiotropic analysis indicated that all 9 loci were associated with at least one proliferative disease, suggesting the role of these loci in the common neoplastic pathway. Furthermore, the risk T allele of rs2251795 (3q26.2) was associated with longer telomere length in both normal and tumour tissues. Our findings elucidated the significance of genetic factors in the pathogenesis of leiomyoma.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Alleles
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • Genetic Loci / genetics*
  • Genome-Wide Association Study / methods*
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Japan
  • Leiomyoma / genetics*
  • Middle Aged
  • Mutation
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide / genetics
  • Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Risk Factors
  • Telomere Homeostasis / genetics
  • Uterine Neoplasms / genetics*