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Review
, 14 (4), 228-232

Inflammatory Bowel Disease - One Entity With Many Molecular Faces

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Review

Inflammatory Bowel Disease - One Entity With Many Molecular Faces

Sylwia Szymańska et al. Prz Gastroenterol.

Abstract

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a heterogenous group of chronic inflammations in the gastrointestinal tract, which traditionally consists of two types: Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. They differ when it comes to clinical, endoscopic, and histopathological changes. The exact aetiology of IBD has not been fully comprehended, but what is known so far is that the aetiopathogenesis of the disease is compound. Many articles have been written on the cellular/molecular background of IBD. Based on various molecular pathways, new forms of the disease have been discovered, including very early-onset IBD (VEO-IBD) or IBD coexisting with primary sclerosing cholangitis. The aim of this article is to present the molecular mechanisms leading to IBD, focusing on new forms of this disorder.

Keywords: Crohn’s disease; genetics; inflammatory bowel disease; molecular pathways; ulcerative colitis.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Basic diagram of pathogenetic factors and their molecular pathways in patients with IBD

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