HIV+ persons have a significantly increased risk of cancer when compared to the general population. The excess cancer risk observed during HIV infection is particularly higher for infection-related malignancies. Mechanisms underlying this remain unclear, but both HIV-related and HIV-unrelated factors have been postulated to play a role. Here, we (i) review newly published data on cancer burden in the setting of HIV infection with a focus on HIV-related risk factors for cancer; (ii) discuss emerging data on cancer among HIV+ persons living in low- and middle-income countries; and (iii) review guideline recommendations for cancer screening among HIV+ persons and discuss ongoing studies investigating strategies for cancer screening among HIV+ patients.
Keywords: AIDS; HIV; antiretroviral therapy; cancer; screening.
© 2020 APMIS. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.