Is neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio a predictive factor for recurrence of urethral stricture?

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992). 2019 Dec;65(12):1448-1453. doi: 10.1590/1806-9282.65.12.1448.


Introduction: Due to spongiofibrosis and inflammatory processes underlying the pathogenesis of urethral stricture, it is possible that the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) may give essential information about the course of the disease and recurrence possibilities. Our study aims to evaluate the correlation between NLR and recurrence rates.

Methods: A total of 512 patients who underwent direct visual internal urethrotomy (DVIU) due to urethral stricture in our clinic between February 2010 and January 2018 were evaluated retrospectively.

Results: The median follow up for non-recurrent and recurrent groups after DVIU was 30 and 36 months, respectively. During the follow-up, 280 (54.7%) of the patients had recurrences, and 232 (45,3%) had no recurrences. The mean time for recurrence after DVIU was 6,5±1,4 months, with a range of 1-36 months. The mean NLR in the non-recurrence group was 2,02±0,87, with a median of 1.9, and 3,66±2,30, with a median of 3 in the recurrence group. A highly significant statistical difference was observed between two groups in terms of neutrophil count and NLR (p: 0.000 - both). The area under curve value for NLR was 0.767, with a standard error of 0.021 (95% CI 0.727-0.808). The cut-off value of NLR was determined as 2.25, with a 70% sensitivity and 67,7% specificity.

Conclusion: By using NLR, the inflammatory features of the urethral tissue can be predicted, and possible recurrences after surgery can be estimated. Consequently, open urethroplasty techniques can be used in cases with a significant NLR value instead of the recurrent endoscopic procedure.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Lymphocyte Count / methods*
  • Middle Aged
  • Neutrophils*
  • ROC Curve
  • Recurrence
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Statistics, Nonparametric
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Urethra / surgery
  • Urethral Stricture / blood*
  • Urethral Stricture / surgery
  • Young Adult