More bullets for PISTOL: linear and cyclic siloxane reporter probes for quantitative 1 H MR oximetry

Sci Rep. 2020 Jan 29;10(1):1399. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-57889-9.

Abstract

Tissue oximetry can assist in diagnosis and prognosis of many diseases and enable personalized therapy. Previously, we reported the ability of hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDSO) for accurate measurements of tissue oxygen tension (pO2) using Proton Imaging of Siloxanes to map Tissue Oxygenation Levels (PISTOL) magnetic resonance imaging. Here we report the feasibility of several commercially available linear and cyclic siloxanes (molecular weight 162-410 g/mol) as PISTOL-based oxygen reporters by characterizing their calibration constants. Further, field and temperature dependence of pO2 calibration curves of HMDSO, octamethyltrisiloxane (OMTSO) and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMSO) were also studied. The spin-lattice relaxation rate R1 of all siloxanes studied here exhibited a linear relationship with oxygenation (R1 = A' + B'*pO2) at all temperatures and field strengths evaluated here. The sensitivity index η( = B'/A') decreased with increasing molecular weight with values ranged from 4.7 × 10-3-11.6 × 10-3 torr-1 at 4.7 T. No substantial change in the anoxic relaxation rate and a slight decrease in pO2 sensitivity was observed at higher magnetic fields of 7 T and 9.4 T for HMDSO and OMTSO. Temperature dependence of calibration curves for HMDSO, OMTSO and PDMSO was small and simulated errors in pO2 measurement were 1-2 torr/°C. In summary, we have demonstrated the feasibility of various linear and cyclic siloxanes as pO2-reporters for PISTOL-based oximetry.