Acute kidney injury due to Leptospira interrogans in 4 foals and use of renal replacement therapy with intermittent hemodiafiltration in 1 foal

J Vet Intern Med. 2020 Mar;34(2):1007-1012. doi: 10.1111/jvim.15713. Epub 2020 Jan 30.


Four 2-month-old foals were presented to an equine hospital with acute kidney injury caused by Leptospira interrogans infection. Clinical signs were nonspecific and included lethargy, fever, and unwillingness to nurse. The most important hematologic and clinicopathologic findings were azotemia, anemia, thrombocytopenia, hyponatremia, and hypochloremia. The diagnosis was based on urinary real-time PCR, serology using a microscopic agglutination test, or both. The most important serovars involved were L. interrogans serogroup australis serovar Bratislava and Australis. Treatment consisted of IV fluid therapy and antimicrobial treatment. Renal replacement therapy with hemodiafiltration was performed in 1 of the foals. All foals survived to discharge. This report highlights the importance of early diagnosis and treatment in foals with acute kidney injury caused by L. interrogans infection.

Keywords: horse; infection; leptospirosis; renal failure.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Acute Kidney Injury / diagnosis
  • Acute Kidney Injury / therapy
  • Acute Kidney Injury / veterinary*
  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Hemodiafiltration / veterinary
  • Horse Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Horse Diseases / therapy
  • Horses
  • Leptospira interrogans*
  • Leptospirosis / diagnosis
  • Leptospirosis / therapy
  • Leptospirosis / veterinary*
  • Male
  • Renal Replacement Therapy / veterinary