Factors associated with successful tobacco use cessation among teachers in Bihar state, India: a mixed-method study

Health Educ Res. 2020 Feb 1;35(1):60-73. doi: 10.1093/her/cyz035.


Although tobacco use is declining in several countries including India (dropping from 35% in 2009-10 to 29% 2016-17 among adults)-it still poses a huge burden on India, as the world's second largest consumer of tobacco products. In Bihar state, with a prevalence of 25%, the Bihar School Teachers Study (BSTS) successfully enlisted teachers as role models for encouraging quitting and changing social norms pertaining to tobacco. The study used a mixed-methods approach to identify factors associated with teachers' quitting. Qualitative data were collected through focus groups with teachers and school principals. Quantitative data were collected through a written survey administered to school personnel post-intervention. Key findings from focus groups were that teachers and principals quit using tobacco and promoted cessation because they wanted to model positive behaviors; specific information about tobacco's harms aided cessation; and the BSTS intervention facilitated a school environment that supported quitting. Survey results indicated teachers who reported knowing people who quit using tobacco in the prior year were far more likely to quit as were teachers who reported that their school's tobacco policy was completely enforced. The combination of qualitative and quantitative data yielded important insights with strong implications for future interventions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Achievement
  • Adult
  • Faculty / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Focus Groups
  • Humans
  • India / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Prevalence
  • Professional Role*
  • Schools / organization & administration*
  • Schools / standards
  • Social Norms
  • Tobacco Use Cessation / statistics & numerical data*
  • Young Adult