Insight into Antioxidant and Photoprotective Properties of Natural Compounds from Marine Fungus

J Chem Inf Model. 2020 Mar 23;60(3):1329-1351. doi: 10.1021/acs.jcim.9b00964. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Abstract

This computational and experimental work aims to elucidate physicochemical and photophysical natures of free radical scavenging and ultraviolet radiation (UVR) filtering activities of five terpenoids available in the extract of marine fungus. The antioxidant activities of ochraceopone F (C1), aspertetranone D (C2), cycloechinulin (C3), wasabidienone E (C4), and mactanamide (C5) are evaluated by using density functional theory (DFT) at the M05-2X/6-311++G(d,p) level of theory in the gas phase, water, and pentyl ethanoate (PEA). Double antioxidant mechanisms allowing the second (H+/e-) donation such as double hydrogen atom transfer (dHAT), double single electron transfer-proton transfer (dSET-PT), and double sequential proton loss-electron transfer (dSPL-ET) are considered. Reaction enthalpies (ΔrH0), standard Gibbs free energies (ΔrG0) and potential energy surfaces of reactions toward HOO radical are then established to evaluate the hydrogen transfer (HT) and radical adduct formation (RAF) mechanisms. The computational results are supported by DPPH and ABTS•+ antioxidant essays. Results show that all compounds C1-C5 are able to scavenge two free radicals via dHAT, dSET-PT, and dSPL-ET mechanisms. Among the compounds, C3 and C4 represent the most potential antioxidants, especially via HAT and RAF mechanisms in all the reaction media. Their rate constants for both HAT and RAF reactions are remarkably higher than that of Trolox and ascorbic acid. The kinetic calculations on activation Gibbs free energies (ΔG) and rate constants (kTST) based on conventional transition state theory (TST) reveal that HAT and RAF processes are in competition in solvents. Photophysical processes occurring during UVR exposure are investigated using the time dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) combined with UV-vis experiments. The obtained results highlight the promising activities of C1-C5 in UVR absorption in the ranges of UVA and UVB. Among them, C3 and C4 also show better UV absorption properties with the easiest excitations (band gaps equal to 4.06 and 3.65 eV). This study suggests the natural candidates possibly used in organic sunscreen.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't