Nalbuphine and meperidine were compared as analgesic components of intravenous conscious sedation in a double-blind, prospective trial of 47 patients undergoing elective oral surgery. Subjects were evaluated for pain intensity, pain relief, anxiety, sedation, recall, and vital signs at systematic observation points intraoperatively and postoperatively. At the conclusion of surgery 83% of patients who had received nalbuphine and 86% of patients treated with meperidine indicated complete pain relief. One observed adverse reaction was attributed to meperidine and another to the sedative component diazepam. No statistically significant differences were observed between nalbuphine and meperidine treatments.