A dog oviduct-on-a-chip model of serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma

Sci Rep. 2020 Jan 31;10(1):1575. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-58507-4.


Ovarian cancer is the fifth cause of cancer-related mortality in women, with an expected 5-year survival rate of only 47%. High-grade serous carcinoma (HGSC), an epithelial cancer phenotype, is the most common malignant ovarian cancer. It is known that the precursors of HGSC originate from secretory epithelial cells within the Fallopian tube, which first develops as serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma (STIC). Here, we used gene editing by CRISPR-Cas9 to knock out the oncogene p53 in dog oviductal epithelia cultured in a dynamic microfluidic chip to create an in vitro model that recapitulated human STIC. Similar to human STIC, the gene-edited oviduct-on-a-chip, exhibited loss of cell polarization and had reduced ciliation, increased cell atypia and proliferation, with multilayered epithelium, increased Ki67, PAX8 and Myc and decreased PTEN and RB1 mRNA expression. This study provides a biomimetic in vitro model to study STIC progression and to identify potential biomarkers for early detection of HGSC.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • CRISPR-Associated Protein 9
  • CRISPR-Cas Systems
  • Carcinoma in Situ / metabolism
  • Carcinoma in Situ / veterinary*
  • Dog Diseases / metabolism*
  • Dogs
  • Female
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • Gene Editing
  • Lab-On-A-Chip Devices / veterinary*
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / veterinary*
  • Oviducts / metabolism*
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction


  • CRISPR-Associated Protein 9