We have previously reported on a consanguineous family where 2 siblings, a girl and a boy, presented with tall stature, long and triangular faces, prominent forehead, telecanthus, ptosis, everted lower eyelids, downslanting palpebral fissures, large ears, high arched palate, long arm span, arachnodactyly, advanced bone age, joint laxity, pectus excavatum, inguinal hernia, and myopia, suggestive of a new subtype of connective tissue disorder (Megarbane et al. AJMG, 2012; 158(A)5: 1185-1189). On clinical follow-up, both patients had multiple inguinal, crural, and abdominal herniae, intestinal occlusions, several huge diverticula throughout the gut and the bladder, and rectal prolapse. In addition, the girl had a mild hearing impairment, and the boy a left diaphragmatic hernia. Here we describe the molecular characterization of this disorder using Whole Exome Sequencing, revealing, in both siblings, a novel homozygous missense variant in the EFEMP1 gene, c.163T > C; p.(Cys55Arg) whose homozygous by descent, autosomal recessive transmission was confirmed through segregation analysis by Sanger sequencing. In addition, the girl exhibited a homozygous mutation in the MYO3A gene, c.1370_1371delGA; p.(Arg457Asnfs*25), associated with non-syndromic deafness. The siblings were also found to harbor a homozygous nonsense variant in the VCPKMT gene. We review the literature and discuss our updated clinical and molecular findings that suggest EFEMP1 to be the probable candidate gene implicated in this novel connective tissue disease.
Keywords: EFEMP1; Hernia; MYO3A; Marfanoid habitus; Mutation; Recessive; VCPKMT.
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