Male and female condoms: Their key role in pregnancy and STI/HIV prevention

Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 2020 Jul;66:55-67. doi: 10.1016/j.bpobgyn.2019.12.001. Epub 2019 Dec 14.


Male and female condoms are the only available Multipurpose Prevention Technologies (MPTs) that can prevent unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections including HIV. If used correctly and consistently, condoms can provide levels of pregnancy protection similar to many hormonal methods. Condoms remain one of the most common methods used at first sexual intercourse and are relied on as a current use of contraception by adolescents in many regions of the world. Male and female condoms are safe and require no prescription; in particular male condoms are generally easy to access at low cost. Female condoms are more expensive than male condoms and less accessible; however, they have the advantage of being a female-initiated method. Condom users may experience some common challenges; however, recent advances in condom technology have led to new designs and modifications of existing products to improve quality and make them more attractive, acceptable and pleasurable for consumers and increase its use.

Keywords: Contraception; Female condom; Male condom; Mulitipurpose Prevention Technologies (MPTs); STI/HIV prevention.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Condoms*
  • Condoms, Female*
  • Contraception / methods*
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pregnancy
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases / prevention & control*