Vaccines and Protective Immune Memory against Cryptococcosis

Biol Pharm Bull. 2020;43(2):230-239. doi: 10.1248/bpb.b19-00841.


Cryptococcosis is a potentially lethal disease caused by fungal pathogens including Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii species complex. These fungal pathogens live in the environment and are associated with certain tree species and bird droppings. This infectious disease is not contagious, and healthy individuals may contract cryptococcal infections by inhaling the airborne pathogens from the environment. Although cleaning a contaminated environment is a feasible approach to control environmental fungal pathogens, prophylactic immunization is also considered a promising method to regulate cryptococcal infections. We review the history of the development of cryptococcal vaccines, vaccine components, and the various forms of immune memory induced by cryptococcal vaccines.

Keywords: antifungal vaccine; cryptococcosis; dendritic cell-based vaccine; innate immune memory; lung-resident memory T cell; memory T cell.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cryptococcosis / therapy*
  • Cryptococcus neoformans / immunology
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Immunologic Factors
  • Immunologic Memory
  • Vaccination
  • Vaccines / therapeutic use*


  • Immunologic Factors
  • Vaccines