Combination Therapy With Tofacitinib Plus Intensive Granulocyte and Monocyte Adsorptive Apheresis as Induction Therapy for Refractory Ulcerative Colitis

J Clin Med Res. 2020 Jan;12(1):36-40. doi: 10.14740/jocmr4037. Epub 2020 Jan 6.

Abstract

Background: The use of monotherapy with intensive granulocyte and monocyte adsorptive apheresis (GMA) or a Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor has been limited to patients with refractory ulcerative colitis (UC). The efficacy and safety of combination therapy with tofacitinib (TOF) plus intensive GMA (two sessions per week) for refractory UC have not been evaluated.

Methods: This retrospective study evaluated the 10-week efficacy of combination therapy with TOF plus intensive GMA in patients with refractory UC.

Results: Of seven patients who received a combination therapy with TOF plus intensive GMA, 71.4% achieved clinical remission at 10 weeks. The percentages of patients with mucosal healing and complete mucosal healing at 10 weeks were 100% and 42.9%, respectively. The mean full Mayo score and endoscopic subscore at baseline were 8.71 ± 0.80 and 2.4 ± 0.2, respectively, and the corresponding values at 10 weeks were 1.57 ± 0.48 and 0.6 ± 0.2 (P < 0.01), respectively. Adverse events of an orolabial herpes and temporary increase in creatinine phosphokinase (CK) and triglyceride were observed in three patients.

Conclusions: Based on these outcomes, combination therapy with TOF plus intensive GMA was well tolerated and may be useful for induction of clinical remission in patients with refractory UC.

Keywords: Clinical remission; Mucosal healing; Ulcerative colitis.