Objective: This study examined the dose-response relationship between changes in physical activity (PA) and subsequent incidence or remission of overall and abdominal obesity.
Methods: A total of 113,950 healthy individuals aged ≥ 18 years participating in the Taiwan MJ Cohort were included. Two-year changes in PA between the first and second examination were linked to subsequent development and remission of overall and abdominal obesity.
Results: During a mean 5.6-year follow-up after the second examination, 9,991 and 11,488 individuals developed overall and abdominal obesity, respectively; also, 3,588 and 3,156 participants with obesity lost sufficient weight or reduced their waist circumference to be classified as nonobese. Compared with no changes in PA, the multivariable hazard ratio (95% CI) of overall obesity was 0.95 (0.90-1.00) for a PA increase of 0.01 to 3.74 metabolic equivalent hours (MET-h) per week and 0.86 (0.80-0.91) for a PA increase of ≥ 3.75 MET-h per week. Corresponding values for remission of obesity were 1.00 (0.91-1.09) and 1.16 (1.05-1.28). Similar results were observed for the development and remission of abdominal obesity. Any decrease in PA was not associated with the risk of obesity outcomes when compared with a stable pattern (0 MET-h/week).
Conclusions: Increasing PA was consistently associated with a progressively lower incidence and higher remission of overall and abdominal obesity.
© 2020 The Obesity Society.