Differentiation of oligodendrocytes (OL) from progenitor cells (OPC) is the result of a unique program of gene expression, which is further regulated by the formation of topological domains of association with the nuclear lamina. In this study, we show that cultured OPC were characterized by progressively declining levels of endogenous Lamin B1 (LMNB1) during differentiation into OL. We then identify the genes dynamically associated to the nuclear lamina component LMNB1 during this transition, using a well established technique called DamID, which is based on the ability of a bacterially-derived deoxyadenosine methylase (Dam), to modify genomic regions in close proximity. We expressed a fusion protein containing Dam and LMNB1 in OPC (OPCLMNB1-Dam) and either kept them proliferating or differentiated them into OL (OLLMNB1-Dam) and identified genes that were dynamically associated to LMNB1 with differentiation. Importantly, we identified Lss, the gene encoding for lanosterol synthase, a key enzyme in cholesterol synthesis, as associated to the nuclear lamina in OLLMNB1-Dam. This finding could at least in part explain the lipid dysregulation previously reported for mouse models of ADLD characterized by persistent LMNB1 expression in oligodendrocytes.
Keywords: Brain; Leukodystrophy; Myelin; Nuclear lamina.