The Novel Coronavirus: A Bird's Eye View

Int J Occup Environ Med. 2020 Apr;11(2):65-71. doi: 10.15171/ijoem.2020.1921. Epub 2020 Feb 5.

Abstract

The novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) outbreak, which initially began in China, has spread to many countries around the globe, with the number of confirmed cases increasing every day. With a death toll exceeding that of the SARS-CoV outbreak back in 2002 and 2003 in China, 2019-nCoV has led to a public health emergency of international concern, putting all health organizations on high alert. Herein, we present on an overview of the currently available information on the pathogenesis, epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of this virus.

Keywords: 2019-nCoV; China; Coronavirus; Emerging viruses; Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus; Novel coronavirus; Outbreak; SARS coronavirus; Wuhan; COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Betacoronavirus
  • China / epidemiology
  • Coronavirus Infections* / diagnosis
  • Coronavirus Infections* / epidemiology
  • Coronavirus Infections* / therapy
  • Coronavirus Infections* / transmission
  • Coronavirus* / genetics
  • Coronavirus* / isolation & purification
  • Disease Outbreaks / prevention & control*
  • Disease Reservoirs / virology
  • Humans
  • Pandemics*
  • Pneumonia, Viral* / diagnosis
  • Pneumonia, Viral* / epidemiology
  • Pneumonia, Viral* / therapy
  • Pneumonia, Viral* / transmission
  • Zoonoses / epidemiology
  • Zoonoses / prevention & control
  • Zoonoses / virology

Supplementary concepts

  • COVID-19
  • severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2