Percent Absent End-Diastolic Velocity in the Umbilical Artery and Donor Twin Demise after Laser Surgery for Twin-Twin Transfusion Syndrome

Fetal Diagn Ther. 2020;47(7):572-579. doi: 10.1159/000505780. Epub 2020 Feb 5.

Abstract

Introduction: To examine the association of preoperative absent end-diastolic velocity (AEDV) and percent AEDV (%AEDV) in the umbilical artery (UA) with donor twin intrauterine fetal demise (IUFD) after laser surgery for twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS).

Methods: We performed a retrospective study of stage III/IV TTTS patients who underwent laser surgery from 2006 to 2016. Donors were classified as having preoperative persistent AEDV (yes/no). %AEDV was calculated for those with AEDV as 100× the proportion of the total cardiac cycle in AEDV. Using multiple logistic regression, we tested for an association between the outcome donor IUFD and AEDV risk factors (part 1) and %AEDV (part 2). We stratified these analyses by estimated fetal weight (EFW) discordance ≥20 versus <20%.

Results: Of 344 cases, 153 (44.5%) donors had AEDV. Part 1 did not confirm an independent association between AEDV and donor IUFD. In the part 2 analysis of the 153 patients with AEDV, %AEDV was a positive risk factor for donor IUFD only in those with discordance (n = 129) (OR 1.04, 95% CI 1.01-1.08, p = 0.0278) when adjusting for %EFW discordance, presence of arterioarterial anastomoses, and multiparity.

Discussion: Among stage III/IV TTTS patients with AEDV, %AEDV was a risk factor for donor IUFD only in the presence of EFW discordance.

Keywords: Donor demise; Estimated fetal weight discordance; Twin-twin transfusion syndrome; Umbilical artery absent end-diastolic velocity.

MeSH terms

  • Blood Flow Velocity / physiology*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Diastole / physiology
  • Female
  • Fetal Death*
  • Fetofetal Transfusion / diagnostic imaging
  • Fetofetal Transfusion / physiopathology
  • Fetofetal Transfusion / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Laser Therapy / adverse effects
  • Laser Therapy / trends*
  • Living Donors
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy, Twin / physiology*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Umbilical Arteries / physiology*