Release of soluble fibronectin containing an extra type III domain (ED1) during acute pulmonary injury mediated by oxidants or leukocytes in vivo

Am Rev Respir Dis. 1988 Jul;138(1):167-74. doi: 10.1164/ajrccm/138.1.167.


This study was undertaken to determine if fibronectin containing an extra type III domain (ED1) is released during inflammatory injury of pulmonary tissue in vivo. ED1 fibronectin, measured by quantitative immunoassay, was markedly increased in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid (2 and 4 h posttreatment) from rabbits with lung injury resulting from intrabronchial treatment with glucose oxidase and glucose to generate H2O2. This protein comprised a greater portion of total fibronectin in BAL fluid than in plasma, suggesting local release. Leukocyte-mediated lung injury after intrabronchial or intravenous treatment with phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) also affected ED1 fibronectin, triggering specific accumulation of this fibronectin variant in both BAL fluid and plasma. ED1 fibronectin in tissue fluids was largely intact and dimeric during injury, as demonstrated by Western blot analysis. Compartmental release of soluble ED1 fibronectin reflects acute pulmonary injury induced by oxidants or leukocytes in vivo.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Animals
  • Arteries
  • Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid / metabolism
  • Fibronectins / blood
  • Fibronectins / metabolism*
  • Hydrogen Peroxide / pharmacology
  • Leukocytes / pathology
  • Leukocytes / physiology*
  • Pneumonia / chemically induced
  • Pneumonia / etiology
  • Pneumonia / metabolism*
  • Protein Conformation
  • Rabbits
  • Solubility
  • Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate / pharmacology


  • Fibronectins
  • Hydrogen Peroxide
  • Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate