Optimal Growth Temperature and Intergenic Distances in Bacteria, Archaea, and Plastids of Rhodophytic Branch

Biomed Res Int. 2020 Jan 18;2020:3465380. doi: 10.1155/2020/3465380. eCollection 2020.

Abstract

The lengths of intergenic regions between neighboring genes that are convergent, divergent, or unidirectional were calculated for plastids of the rhodophytic branch and complete archaeal and bacterial genomes. Statistically significant linear relationships between any pair of the medians of these three length types have been revealed in each genomic group. Exponential relationships between the optimal growth temperature and each of the three medians have been revealed as well. The leading coefficients of the regression equations relating all pairs of the medians as well as temperature and any of the medians have the same sign and order of magnitude. The results obtained for plastids, archaea, and bacteria are also similar at the qualitative level. For instance, the medians are always low at high temperatures. At low temperatures, the medians tend to statistically significant greater values and scattering. The original model was used to test our hypothesis that the intergenic distances are optimized in particular to decrease the competition of RNA polymerases within the locus that results in transcribing shortened RNAs. Overall, this points to an effect of temperature for both remote and close genomes.

MeSH terms

  • Archaea / genetics*
  • Archaea / growth & development*
  • Archaea / metabolism
  • Archaeal Proteins / genetics
  • Bacteria / genetics*
  • Bacteria / growth & development*
  • Bacteria / metabolism
  • Bacterial Proteins / genetics
  • Cell Culture Techniques
  • Chloroplast Proteins / genetics
  • Evolution, Molecular
  • Genome, Archaeal
  • Genome, Bacterial
  • Genome, Plastid
  • Linear Models
  • Plastids / genetics*
  • Plastids / metabolism
  • Plastids / physiology*
  • Temperature*

Substances

  • Archaeal Proteins
  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Chloroplast Proteins