Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a new hard-boiled lozenge formulation containing ambroxol 20 mg versus placebo for the relief of sore throat in patients with acute pharyngitis.
Methods: This was a phase 3, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group multicenter trial conducted between June and September 2018 in South Africa. Patients with a diagnosis of acute pharyngitis, onset ≤ 72 h, and sore throat pain of at least moderate intensity were randomized to receive either ambroxol 20 mg or placebo hard-boiled lozenges. The primary efficacy endpoint was the normalized time-weighted sum of pain intensity differences (SPID) from baseline over 3 h following administration of the first lozenge (SPIDnorm,0-3h). Secondary efficacy endpoints included SPID 24 h after the first lozenge intake (SPIDnorm,0-24h) and patient assessment of efficacy at 3 and 24 h after the first lozenge.
Results: Of 422 patients from 11 centers, 390 were randomized to one of the two treatment groups (n = 196, ambroxol; n = 194, placebo) and 388 were analyzed (modified intention-to-treat). The mean ± standard deviation SPIDnorm,0-3h values were -0.386 (0.259) and -0.366 (0.243) in the ambroxol and placebo groups, respectively, and the adjusted mean ± standard error SPIDnorm0-3h difference between ambroxol and placebo was -0.020 (0.025) (p = 0.443). Comparable results between treatment groups were also found for SPIDnorm,0-24h and patient assessment of efficacy at 3 and 24 h after the first lozenge. The incidence of treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) was similar between treatment groups (11.7% for ambroxol versus 9.3% for placebo).
Conclusion: Although marked pain relief was observed over the first 3 h of treatment, superiority of ambroxol 20 mg hard-boiled lozenges versus placebo was not demonstrated in this study.
Trial registration: NCT03583658.
Funding: Sanofi-Aventis Group.
Keywords: Acute pharyngitis; Ambroxol; Local anesthetic; Lozenges; Sore throat.